Category Archives: Class Exercises

Class Exercise 6

At Work Inside Our Detention Centres: A Guard’s Story

1) Identify the different techniques used (as discussed in McCloud’s reading) in at work inside our detention.
2) Identify the ways in which some techniques are unique in web media, which are not applicable to print media.

The following points are what we’ve discussed in lecture:

– The comic is not limited by space, giving a sense of infinity.

If the above were to be printed, the reader might read the frames as a whole, although it is meant to be read from the top.

The effect would be difficult to achieve if it is in a printed book (unless the comic is folded such that it reveals only the top part first).


– Frameless; big space between each image – connotation of isolation

– Pacing of the reading

– There are several images of houses in the comic and they are not bounded by frames. This makes it less grounded and gives an impression that the house is rootless

– Leverages on scrolling property in a webpage

– There are different sizes for different frames

– A small selection of tools are used; but is still able to enhance the storytelling aspect of the work.

Class Exercise 5

Examine the techniques used to enhance the time & space in the comics below:

Luke Pearson Some People

1) Write your group discussion

2) For individual: Which technique used in Some People is compelling, and why?


Here are some of the points we discussed in class:

– Colour gradient transits from young to old or vice versa (frameless, timeless) – the happier the frame the more yellow it is

– If there was a black outline framing the frames, it wouldn’t be a smooth transition.

– Background colour changes from light to dark (mother bringing her kid)

– Time freeze – girl grows in size and appearance within the long panel – lines between each girl; subtle way of putting the effect in

– Kept some features the same (girl with glasses)

– The first 3 frames is actually in the same setting if the dividers are removed; the gutters make it clear that he is moving along the streets

– The woman walking with her child – seems like it is a long walk due to the long vertical panels


Personally, I am intrigued by the repetition of frames (the 4th to 6th frame at the start is presented again at the end of the comic). It is ironic how the subject who asked “What is the matter with some people?” has in fact become the “people” he was referring to!

Class Exercise 4

During lecture today, we learnt about the 7 categories of image/text relationships:
1. Word Specific
2. Picture Specific
3. Duo-Specific
4. Additive
5. Parallel
6. Montage
7. Interdependent

As for the quiz, we were asked to list and describe the 4 types of text used in comics, which are
1. Text balloons
2. Narration or commentary
3. Pictorial
4. Sound effect
In-class exercise 4a involved adding 4 different types of text into the same panel.


The text I came up with were:

1. Redundant
It’s so squeeze in here…

2. Contrasting
She’s one slim lady.

3. Complementary
At this rate she is going to flatten me…

4. Unrelated
What shall I have for lunch later?


For class exercise 4b, we were tasked to add text into the following comic:


Here’s what our group did!


A couple of brainstorming led us to the theme of broken-heartedness, whereby a lady named Phoebe spends her Valentines Day alone after breaking up with her boyfriend.

Class Exercise 3

For class exercise today, we were given the following questions:

1) Discuss why this work has or has not successfully in telling a story?

2) By keep the title of this work, and maintaining 5 frames, how would you make it work better, if you are in full control of the production (change composition and layout).


Title: Curiosity makes for a magical few minutes! 

deer 1

deer 2

Image from


Limitations of the work:

1. The element of curiosity has not been presented explicitly

2. Transitions used are mostly the same


New story proposed by our group:

1. Deer spotted

2. Deer looking directly at the camera

3. Deer running towards the camera

4. Empty space without the deer

5. Close up shot of the deer licking the camera

Class Exercise 2 – Panel-to-Panel transitions

For today’s lecture, we were asked to examine Scott McCloud’s 6 categories of panel-to-panel transitions.

According to McCloud, there are 6 categories in panel-to-panel transitions. They are in increasing necessity for closure by the audience:
1. Moment-to-Moment
2. Action-to-Action (single subject in distinct action-to-action progressions)
3. Subject-to-Subject (stays within a scene or ideal reader involvement necessary to render these transitions meaningful)
4. Scene-to-Scene (transports us across significant distances of time and space)
5. Aspect-to-Aspect (bypasses time for the most part and sets a wandering eye on different aspects of a place, idea or mood)
6. Non-Sequitur (no logical relationship between panels whatsoever)


For in-class exercise, we were to recreate 3 five-frame comic strips based on the following comic:.


Here are the comic strips created by our group:

Yoke Ling_Paul_Dennis_Ross


Interesting facts I found out from the chapter:
– Categories 2-4 are the most frequently used transitions in American comics because they explain events efficiently.
– Action-to-action, in particular, is the most used transition.
– Aspect-to-aspect transitions play an important role in Japanese mainstream comics
– Western culture readers are trained to read each page from left to right, top to bottom. However, the opposite reading sequence is employed in Japanese manga.


I didn’t know there were so many techniques involved in creating comics! I’ll guess I’ll never read comics the same way from now on…